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Book of History of the Old Testament, 8 of 12

This book was most likely written by Ezra (according to Jewish tradition)

The Hebrew title (dibre hayyamim) can be translated “the events (or annals) of the days (or years).”

– History of the Jewish nation.

Book of Law of the Old Testament, 1 of 5

This book was most likely written by Moses, guided by the Holy Spirit. (Luke 24:17; John 7:19)

Genesis means ‘origin

Genesis “exposes satan as the enemy of God and the deceiver of the human race; it foretells his destruction; it depicts his doom” (Genesis 3).

Genesis is the book of the beginning:

of the world 1:1-25

of the human race 1:26-2:25

of sin 3:1-7

of the promise of redemption 3:8-24

of family lie 4:1-15

of civilization 4:16-9:29

of the nations of the world 10,11

of the Hebrew people 12-50

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“The period of the patriarchs is the groundwork and basis of all history. It covers the time from Adam to Moses… We enter into this period in Genesis 12. There are five patriarchal fathers: Abraham, Isaac, Jacob, Joseph and Job.”

– Job lived before Moses.

– God’s covenant with Abraham (Genesis 12:1-3)(Genesis 26:1-5)(Genesis 28:13-15)

– Joseph (Genesis 37-48) is the link between the transition on the family, to the nation.

– In the Bible, Joseph is recorded without any sin, even though as a human he did sin; there are at least 130 parallels between the life of Joseph and Jesus; Joseph can be seen as the patriarch who reflected Christ Himself.

Creation (Genesis 1-2): (1:1-5,26-31; 2:7-22)

“In the beginning God created the heavens and the earth.” (Genesis 1:1)

– The answer to the beginning of life.

-Our God is a Trinity, the Father, Son (Jesus Christ), and Holy Spirit.

-Jesus is the God mentioned in the beginning of Genesis; He is the Creator of the Universe. (John 1:1; Hebrews 1:1)

“Know this, God created people in His own image to have fellowship with Himself. But we have cut ourselves off from God by sin. Only when sin is removed can we have fellowship again.”

– And sin is removed through Jesus Christ.

The Fall (Genesis 3-4): (3:1-24)

– A Savior, Jesus, is promised (Genesis 3:15)

– Cain’s offering was rejected because he most likely did not have the right motives, or did not follow God’s commands. (Genesis 4:5)

“The first writing began when God put a ‘mark’ or ‘sign’ on Cain.” (Genesis 4:15)

– People saw this mark and began to use these signs to “record ideas, words, or combination of words.”

“The civilization before the flood is called the ‘antediluvian civilization.’ It perished in the judgement of the flood. It was the civilization started by Cain. It ended in destruction.”

“The Bible teaches and the archaeologist confirms that the people of the world before the flood were not mere savages.” (Genesis 4:16-22)

– The civilization before the flood were just as great as Greece or Rome, but was destroyed because God’s judgement was upon it. (Genesis 6:5-7)

The Flood (Genesis 5-9): ( 6:1-7; 7:7-24; 8:6-11,18-22; 9:1-16)

“Noah had warned [the people] for 120 years while he was building the ark. Even after Noah and his wife and his three sons and their wives- taking with them two of every unclean and fourteen of every clean animal- had entered into the ark of safety, there was a respite of seven days before the flood came; but God’s mercies were refused and so people had to perish. (Genesis 6-7)”

– Christ is our Ark of safety.

“For the first time God gave people human government.”

“The most solemn responsibility God agve to humans is the taking of a life for a life. (Genesis 9:6)”

Babel (10-11): (11:1-9)

– Took place after the flood.

“The human race was then divided into nations speaking different languages, according to Noah’s three sons, Shem, Ham, and Japheth”

1. Shem’s songs settles in Arabia and to the east

2. Ham’s sons settled in Africa

3. Japheth’s sons settled in Europe.

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“At the tower of Babel, people in their pride tried to glorify themselves, but it is God’s purpose that people shall only glorify Him”

– We were created for this very purpose; to glorify God, always.

The Call of Abraham (12-38):

God wanted a chosen people:

1. To whom He might entrust the Holy Scriptures.

2. To be His witness to the other nations.

3. Through whom the promised Messiah could come.

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-God calls Abram to become the father of a mighty nation, the Jews. (Genesis 12:1-3)

-Jacob, the son of Isaac, Abraham’s son, has his name changed to Israel, which means a prince with God. (Genesis 32:28)

The chosen people were then called Israelites, and his twelve sons became the heads of the twelve tribes of Israel. (Genesis 49)

Descent into Egypt: (Genesis 39-50)

“Isaac and Rebecca made the mistake of playing favorites with their two sons. Isaac favored the hunter Esau. Rebecca favored the quiet Jacob. Jacob did the same thing in the treatment of Joseph, which aroused jealousy in the other sons.”

“It was through Joseph that Jacob’s family was transplanted into Egypt. Joseph’s life is one of the most perfect illustrations in the Bible of God’s overruling providence. He was sold as a slave at seventeen. At thirty he became ruler in Egypt; ten years later his father, Jacob, entered Egypt.”

“God knew it was necessary that the Israelites leave Canaan until they had developed national strength so they would take possession of the land of Canaan. God wanted to safeguard them against mingling and intermarrying with the idolatrous peoples then in the land.”

– Jesus comes from the tribe of Judah. (Genesis 49:10)

“The book of Genesis ends in failure. The last words are in a coffin in Egypt. Death only marks the pathway of sin; the wages of sin is death (Romans 6:23) The people needed a Savior!”

Eight names to remember from Genesis in order: God, Adam, Satan, Noah, Abraham, Isaac, Jacob and Joseph.

Six places of importance in Genesis: Eden, Ararat, Babel, Ur of the Chaldees, Canaan (Promised Land) and Egypt.

-Central theme of Bible is salvation through Jesus Christ.

– Bible comes from Greek word biblos, which mean “book.”

– “testament” means “covenant” or agreement.

* Old and New Testament

1. Old Testament is: the covenant God made with people about their salvation before Christ came; in it we find the covenant of law; begins with God; written to reveal to us the character and teaching of Jesus Christ.; Account of a nation.

2. New Testament is: the agreement God made with people about their salvation after Christ came; in it we find the covenant of grace that came through Jesus Christ; begins with Christ.; Account of a Man, Jesus.

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(17-20) some Interesting facts about the Bible

* How to Study the Bible (20-23)

1. Look for purpose- God’s plan for salvation.

> We are sinners and can never attain salvation by ourselves; God promises us a Savior (John 3:16) Who can wash our sins away, only if we accept Him. The Savior is Jesus.

2. Ask the Holy Spirit to guide you.

> “If any of you lacks wisdom, he should ask God, who gives generously to all without finding fault, and it will be given to him.”- James 1:5

> “Trust in the Lord with all your heart and lean not on your own understanding, in all your ways acknowledge Him and He will make your paths straight.” – Proverbs 3:5-6

3. Read attentively.

> “Perhaps there is so little attention in Bible reading today because there is so little intention.”

Am I reading because others say I should? Do I see it as a requirement? Or am I reading the Bible because I want to learn more about and grow in my relationship with Christ?

“All Scripture is God-breathed and is useful for teaching, rebuking, correcting and training in righteousness so that the man of God may be thoroughly equipped for every good work.” – 2 Timothy 3:16-17

> “We must come to it with a purpose and have a clearly defined object; we must know what we are about.”

4. Make a reading plan.

> “The Bible can be read in less than 80 hours!”

How much time will you devote daily to reading the Word? God should be the number one priority of our life, if not our life itself.

5. Appreciate the Bible’s uniqueness.

>”Although divine, it is human. The thought is divine, the revelation is divine, the expression of the communication is human.”

– Bible was written by 40 different authors over a period of about 1,600 years, all guided by the Holy Spirit to write what we call “the Bible” (or “the Book” if you translate directly from Greek) today! (2 Peter 1:21)

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*One Book, One History, One Story

– The Bible is “His story” (Jesus)

>”Another way we can study the Bible is by groups – law, history, poetry, major and minor prophets, Gospels, Acts, Epistles, and Revelation”

– Refrain from using commentaries when first reading through the Bible

– The Bible is a story, a revelation, from the beginning to the end. Treat it that way; read it as you would any other book.

– Not every part of the Bible is equally important; in the same way, if asked to give up a finger or an eye, of course one would give up the finger. But every part of the Bible is necessary to the perfection of the whole.

Christ, the Living Word

“God Himself became a man so that we might know what to think of when we think of God (John 1:14, 14:9)”

“Jesus did many other things as well. If every one of them were written down, I suppose that even the whole world would not have room for the books that would be written.” – John 21:25

A poem from this book quickly describing all the books and a short sentence summary of each book:

Old Testament Poem
In GENESIS, the world was made;
In EXODUS, the march was told;
LEVITICUS contains the Law;
In NUMBERS are the tribes enrolled.
In DEUTERONOMY again,
We’re urged to keep God’s law alone;
And these five books of Moses make
The oldest holy writing known.
Brave JOSHUA to Canaan leads;
In JUDGES oft the Jews rebel;
We read of David’s name in RUTH
And FIRST and SECOND SAMUEL.
In FIRST and SECOND KINGS we read
How bad the Hebrew state became;
In FIRST and SECOND CHRONICLES
Another history of the same.
In EZRA, captive Jews return,
And NEHEMIAH builds the wall;
Queen ESTHER saves her race from death;
These books “historical” we call.
In JOB we read of patient faith;
In PSALMS are David’s songs of praise;
The PROVERBS are to make us wise;
ECCLESIASTES next portrays,
How fleeting earthly pleasures are;
The SONG OF SOLOMON is all
About true love, like Christ’s,
And these Five books “Devotional” we call.
ISAIAH tells of Christ to come,
While JEREMIAH tells of woe,
And in his LAMENTATIONS mourns
The Holy City’s overthrow.
EZEKIEL speaks of mysteries;
And DANIEL foretells kings of old;
HOSEA over Israel grieves;
In JOEL blessings are foretold.
In AMOS, too, are Israel’s woes;
And OBADIAH’s sent to warn,
While JONAH shows that Christ should die
And MICAH where He should be born.
In NAHUM Nineveh is seen;
HABAKKUK tells of Chaldea’s guilt;
In ZEPHANIAH are Judah’s sins;
In HAGGAI the Temple’s built.
Then ZECHARIAH speaks of Christ;
And MALACHI of John, His sing;
The Prophets number seventeen,
And all the books are thirty-nine…
New Testament Poem
MATTHEW, MARK, LUKE and JOHN
Tell what Christ did in every place;
The ACTS tell what the Apostles did,
And ROMANS how we’re saved by grace.
CORINTHIANS instruct the church;
GALATIANS show us Christ alone;
EPHESIANS, true love,
And in PHILIPPIANS God’s grace is shown.
COLOSSIANS tells us more of Christ,
And THESSALONIANS of the end;
In TIMOTHY and TITUS both
Are rules for preachers to attend.
PHILEMON, Christian friendship shows,
Then HEBREWS clearly tells how all T
he Jewish law prefigured Christ;
And these Epistles are by Paul.
JAMES shows that faith by works must live,
And PETER urges steadfastness;
While JOHN exhorts to Christian love,
For those who have it God will bless.
JUDE shows the end of evil men,
And REVELATION tells of Heaven;
This is the end of the New Testament
And all the books are twenty-seven.

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